Google Tests Balloons to Beam Internet from Near Space

Google is launching balloons into near space to provide internet access to buildings below on the ground. About 30 of the superpressure balloons are being launched from New Zealand from where they will drift around the world on a controlled path. Attached equipment will offer 3G-like speeds to 50 testers in the country.

Access will be intermittent, but in time the firm hopes to build a big enough fleet to offer reliable links to people living in remote areas. It says that balloons could one day be diverted to disaster-hit areas to aid rescue efforts in situations where ground communication equipment has been damaged. But one expert warns that trying to simultaneously navigate thousands of the high-altitude balloons around the globe’s wind patterns will prove a difficult task to get right. Google calls the effort Project Loon and acknowledges it is “highly experimental” at this stage.

Each balloon is 15m (49.2ft) in diameter – the length of a small plane – and filled with lifting gases. Electronic equipment hangs underneath including radio antennas, a flight computer, an altitude control system and solar panels to power the gear. Google aims to fly the balloons in the stratosphere, 20km (12 miles) or more above the ground, which is about double the altitude used by commercial aircraft and above controlled airspace. Google says each should stay aloft for about 100 days and provide connectivity to an area stretching 40km in diameter below as they travel in a west-to-east direction. (BBC News)

Google Tests Balloons to Beam Internet from Near Space

A fully inflated test balloon sits in a hangar at Moffett Field airfield in California. Google is testing the balloons which sail in the stratosphere and beam the Internet to Earth. (Photo by Andrea Dunlap/Google)

Google Tests Balloons to Beam Internet from Near Space

Jordan Miceli prepares electronics to launch balloons in Tekapo, New Zealand. (Photo by Andrea Dunlap/Google)

Google Tests Balloons to Beam Internet from Near Space

Solar panels and electronics are prepared for launch in Tekapo, New Zealand. (Photo by Andrea Dunlap/Google)

Google Tests Balloons to Beam Internet from Near Space

A Google team releases a balloon in Tekapo. (Photo by Andrea Dunlap/Google)

Google Tests Balloons to Beam Internet from Near Space

Google’s team at mission control monitors a balloon launch in Christchurch, New Zealand. (Photo by Andrea Dunlap/Google)

Google Tests Balloons to Beam Internet from Near Space

A Google balloon sails through the air with the Southern Alps mountains in the background, in Tekapo, New Zealand. (Photo by Jon Shenk/Associated Press)

Google Tests Balloons to Beam Internet from Near Space

The red Google Internet receiver is set at a home in Christchurch, New Zealand. (Photo by Nick Perry/Associated Press)

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