Uncanny Eye Illustrations from Georg Bartisch’s Ophthalmodouleia, 1583 – Design You Trust

Uncanny Eye Illustrations from Georg Bartisch’s Ophthalmodouleia, 1583

Georg Bartisch (1535–1607) was a German physician, a native of Königsbrück, Saxonia, who became, in the words of the University of Texas, ‘the father of ophthalmology’.

He began his medical career as just 13, working as an apprentice to a barber surgeon. This was followed by two additional apprenticeships to an oculist and a lithotomist. He then worked as an itinerant surgeon in Saxony, Silesia and Bohemia, before settling in Dresden. In 1588, he became court oculist to Duke Augustus I of Saxony.

h/t: flashbak

In 1583, Bartisch produced the first Renaissance manuscript on ophthalmic disorders and eye surgery, Ophthalmodouleia Das ist Augendienst. The book discussed ocular diseases, surgical techniques and instruments, and contained an ophthalmic atlas of 92 woodcuts depicting diseases of the eye.

This German-language ophthalmology textbook was printed the vernacular for laymen and non–university-trained practitioners. Many of these diagrams and illustrations were layered to act as flaps that could be lifted to emulate dissection, illustrating a variety of ocular diseases, surgery methodology, and instruments. Some of these you can find recreated in posters, paintings, and other reference books of the field.

His most adventurous operation was the complete removal of the eyeball and the contents of the orbit, using a knife-shaped spoon which he developed himself.

Despite his skill as a surgeon, Bartisch was a superstitious individual, as he believed that magic, astrology and witchcraft played a significant part in medicine. The book’s illustrations include some of the amulets Bartisch prescribed for his patients to counter the effects of the supernatural.

If you want more awesome content, subscribe to 'Oh, Design You Trust,' our brand new Facebook page! Trust me, you won't be disappointed.

More Inspiring Stories

"Heaven's Hell": The Book Of Afterlife Adventures By Anthony Jones
"When the Rain Passes": The Superb Digital Art Works of Wenqing Yan
Riikka Hyvönen Captures The Beauty Of Bruises In Giant Artworks
Russian Artist Creates Superb Minimalist, Colorful And Dreamlike Digital Collages
Famous Classic Album Covers Mashed Up With Star Wars Characters
"Star Wars" Characters Brilliantly Reimagined As "Calvin And Hobbes"
Woman Hilariously Recreates More Ridiculous Instagram Photos Posted By Celebs
Digitally Altered Portraits Superimposed With Flowers, Antique Patterns, And Wildlife Illustrations By Tawny Chatmon
John Ching's Tropical Chimeras
"It Had To Be Good To Get Where It Is": The History Of Coca-Cola In Ads
A Historically Accurate Elsa Has - Dare We Say It - An Even Prettier Dress
Artist Born Without Hands Draws Beautiful, Hyper-Realistic Portraits
Benny Harlem And His Record-Breaking Hair
Yung Cheng Lin's Human Art Illusions Address Female Body Modification
Artist Draws Video Game Characters With Their Full Inventory
Macedonian Artist Combined Soviet Era Posters With Popular Comic Superheroes
This Mother Let Her Son Choose What She Wore For A Week
Tiny Superheroes in Superb Comic Art by Dan Hipp
The Prince Of Surrealism Takes A Poetic Approach - The Worlds Of Rafał Olbiński
Photographer Creates Mind-bending Mashups To Mess With Your Head
Guy Meets Doppelganger When He’s Randomly Seated Next To Him On Ryanair Flight
Artist Paints While Under The Influence Of 20 Different Drugs
Afro Hair On Album Covers
Inspiring Examples Of Logo Animations Created By The Design Duo