Uncanny Eye Illustrations from Georg Bartisch’s Ophthalmodouleia, 1583 – Design You Trust

Uncanny Eye Illustrations from Georg Bartisch’s Ophthalmodouleia, 1583

Georg Bartisch (1535–1607) was a German physician, a native of Königsbrück, Saxonia, who became, in the words of the University of Texas, ‘the father of ophthalmology’.

He began his medical career as just 13, working as an apprentice to a barber surgeon. This was followed by two additional apprenticeships to an oculist and a lithotomist. He then worked as an itinerant surgeon in Saxony, Silesia and Bohemia, before settling in Dresden. In 1588, he became court oculist to Duke Augustus I of Saxony.

h/t: flashbak

In 1583, Bartisch produced the first Renaissance manuscript on ophthalmic disorders and eye surgery, Ophthalmodouleia Das ist Augendienst. The book discussed ocular diseases, surgical techniques and instruments, and contained an ophthalmic atlas of 92 woodcuts depicting diseases of the eye.

This German-language ophthalmology textbook was printed the vernacular for laymen and non–university-trained practitioners. Many of these diagrams and illustrations were layered to act as flaps that could be lifted to emulate dissection, illustrating a variety of ocular diseases, surgery methodology, and instruments. Some of these you can find recreated in posters, paintings, and other reference books of the field.

His most adventurous operation was the complete removal of the eyeball and the contents of the orbit, using a knife-shaped spoon which he developed himself.

Despite his skill as a surgeon, Bartisch was a superstitious individual, as he believed that magic, astrology and witchcraft played a significant part in medicine. The book’s illustrations include some of the amulets Bartisch prescribed for his patients to counter the effects of the supernatural.



If you want more awesome content, subscribe to 'Oh, Design You Trust,' our brand new Facebook page! Trust me, you won't be disappointed.

More Inspiring Stories

"Light & Shadow": Dreamy Illustrations By Lê Long
"Spot the Body!": Meet the Artist Transforming Human Bodies Into Stunning Artwork
Artist Creates Witty Single-Panel Comics Depicting Odd And Absurd Situations In A Slightly Different Everyday Life
120 Absurd Comics By Joseph Nowak
"104-Year-Old" Grandpa Expresses Himself With Timeless Style
Apocalypse Kowloon: The Dystopian Art Of Nivanh Chanthara
Artist Illustrates Daily Struggles And Life With A Cat In Humorous Comics
Brazilian Street Art Shows the Human Reality and their Social Masks
The Siberian Beauty: Artist Use Makeup To Transform Herself Into Live Paint
Coloring For Grown-Ups: The Adult Activity Book
Art mashup. What would happen if there were no main figures and more!
The Ultra-Realistic, Three-Dimensional Paintings of CJ Hendry
33 Letters for Ukraine: Letters of The Ukrainian Alphabet as A Sign of Solidarity
Dark Future Comes To Saint Petersburg In Superb Impressive Artworks Of Vadim Solovyov
The Best of Street Art, August 2012
Biodiversity Heritage Library Makes 150,000 Animal And Botanical Illustrations Available To Download For Free
There’s A "Stranger Things" Ouija Board
59-Year-Old Woman is Revolutionizing the Modeling Industry
Japanese Illustrator Combines Animals and Vegetables to Make Charming Fairy Tale Creatures
World Map Made Out of 84K+ Beads
Illustrator Joey Yu Shows You How To De-Stress And Relax, According To Your Zodiac Sign
"You Eat What They Eat": New Stunning Print Advertisement Created By Ogilvy
Tarantino Films and Acid Jazz: Illustrations by Alexey Bazunov
Japanese Artist Creates Stunning Mashup Photos Of Superhero Action Figures