Wonderful Photos of Fujian Tulou, the Unique China’s Hakka Earthen Buildings

The Hakkas who settled in mountainous south western Fujian province in China developed unique architectural buildings called tulou, literally meaning earthen structures.

The Hakkas set up these unique homes to prevent attack from bandits and marauders. The tulou are either round or square, and were designed as a large fortress and apartment building in one. Structures typically had only one entranceway and no windows at ground level. Each floor served a different function – the first hosts a well and livestock, the second is for food storage and the third and higher floors contain living spaces. They were mostly built between the 12th and the 20th centuries.

h/t: vintag.es

It was during the wartime period of Yongjia that the Hakka people fled their home in the central plains. This occurred between 304 and 312 A.D. After traveling from place to place, the Hakka people decided to seek shelter in the mountainous region of southwestern Fujian. Between the rugged mountains and long rivers, they felt safe from invaders and war. They started to build wooden shelters and huts with thatched roofs for protection. Embarking on more peaceful lives with abundant resources, the people here began to flourish.

As the population grew, housing became more of a problem for the Hakka people. The group wanted to provide shelter for everyone, but they also wanted to build a community that would inspire. The Hakka people began to construct the tulou. It isn’t clear where this building style first came from, but over the years, they perfected it. Many members of the group continued to be nomadic. As they moved from place to place, they built tulou for protection. This is why these buildings can be found in different regions along the Fujian coast.

The rammed-earth technique used for building the structures is difficult to pin down by date. However, it’s believed that the technique was developed during the Shang Dynasty from 1766-1122 B.C. Having their building technique perfected, and honing skills in the plastic arts, the Hakka community gained great wealth. They thrived, and continue to do so today, especially with the growing interest from tourists.

(Visited 1 times, 2 visits today)

Leave Your Comment Below

More Inspiring Stories

The Coolest University Dorm that You Can Imagine
The Sky Swimming Pool At This Hotel Has A Window In It
Artist Uses Recycled Off-Cuts Of Wood To Create An Architectural Sculpture
The Festina Lente Bridge
An Architect Creates This Stunning Address Book Swimming Pool
Origami Cave Puts a Stylish Spin on Emergency Shelter
Berlin's Festival of Lights
Cercle et Suite D’éclats by Felice Varini
Ivan Khafizov Captures The Beauty Of Russian Hand-Carved Wooden Window Frames
Man Spends Four Years Growing a Serene Church Made of Trees
The Fantastically Sculptural Architecture Of Cyril Lancelin
17th Century Italian Wine Windows, Which Were Used During the Plague, Are Open Again Due to The Coronavirus Pandemic
This Bathroom Has... A Large Boulder Inside!
Designs of the Year
Anagram Architects
This Art Installation Was Designed To Create Discussion On What Is Love In Modern Life
Architects Adds Treetop Cabin With Stargazing Net To Sweden's Treehotel
3D Printed Cylinders Tower Over Mars Surface In Latest Design For Habitat Challenge
Stunning Construction Photos Of Zaha Hadid Architects' Leeza SOHO Tower And Its Record-Setting Atrium
How North Korean Architects Envision the Future
Incredible Photographs From The Construction Of The Forth Railway Bridge, A 19th Century Engineering Marvel
Thoughtful Design Of 30 Square Meter Apartment In Tokyo
World's Highest Bridge Unveiled in Mexico
Gas Stations Around the World
"Under": Europe's First Underwater Restaurant To Open In Norway
Large Scale Surreal Architectural Collages By Anastasia Savinova
Living On The Edge Of The Icelandic Cliffside Retreat
The World's Weirdest Towers
Artist Joshua Smith Creates Detailed And Miniaturized Buildings
This Is How NYC Central Park Would Have Looked Based On A Rejected Design From 1858